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The emotive component of metalanguage reflection of Russian Germans in Tomsk region

Liberal Arts in Russia. 2021. Vol. 10. No. 6. Pp. 432-441.
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Aleksandrov O. A.
Tomsk State University
36 Lenin Street, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
Bogoslovskaya Z. M.
Tomsk State University
36 Lenin Street, 634050 Tomsk, Russia


At the moment, about 9000 Germans live in Tomsk region in the Russian Federation, a small number of them still speaks German dialects - the language formations traditional for Russian Germans. The German dialects of Tomsk region, like the German dialects in other regions of the Russian Federation and directly in Germany itself, are consistently losing their demographic and communicative power. This article is based on material collected through field practices in rural areas of the region under discussion. It is made in the mainstream of perceptual dialectology, touches on the theory of emotivity, and meets ecolinguistic tasks. In a broad sense, the authors of the article study speech acts when the metalinguistic and emotive functions of language are crossed. The authors analyze the corpus of German dialectic texts marked with expressive vocabulary. As a result of the analysis, the emotive structures of the system of metalanguage representations of the Russian Germans are revealed. The facts of language reality that are relevant for emotive perception are considered, the emotional status of images of these facts that reflected in the consciousness of the speakers is revealed. The model of emotional impressions about the language presented in the work includes features that are universal for the interviewed informants, which makes it possible to judge the sub-ethnic specifics of the worldview of the Russian Germans. It includes representations of the directly emotive, as well as the aesthetic and hedonistic types. The model testifies to the variability, inconsistency of metalanguage emotions due to the subjectivity and psychological nature of the categories under consideration. In particular, it is revealed that a number of language phenomena cause in the Germans a conglomerate of diverse emotional states - joy and sadness, satisfaction and dissatisfaction, etc. The reasons for the interpretation of language facts in one or another perspective are explained in the work through a demonstration of the socio-cultural context of the Russian Germans.


  • • development of folk-spoken forms of language
  • • emotiveness
  • • perceptual dialectology
  • • metalanguage reflection


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