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ISSN 2312-6442 (Online)
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ILYIN V. V. Theory of knowledge. Critique of instrumental reason. Speciosa Miracula: total anthill: monograph. - Moscow: Prospect, 2020. 160 p. - ISBN 978-5-392-31462-160

Liberal Arts in Russia. 2020. Vol. 9. No. 5. Pp. 362-372.
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Pisachkin V. A.
Ogarev Mordovia State University
68 Bolshevistskaya Street, 430005 Saransk, Republic of Mordovia, Russia


The monograph is devoted to the study of the mechanisms of creative human activity, which determines the consolidation of a new ontology of complex natural and artificial reality. The philosophy of instrumentality and the instrumental mind express the practical value of theory for human life and serve as a tool for meeting the needs of human existence. Strategic understanding is implemented as the discovery of meaning. Tactical understanding is a “detailed procedure” associated with the phases of penetration into the essence of the case. A new word becomes a meaning for a person who is free and doomed to freedom. Meanings consolidate social relationships, actions, practices and technologies. The instrumental mind has increased its status in the field of “knowledge practices”. It now appears as a “creator” rather than an “observer” of the theory of knowledge, as it was in neoclassical science. Now technology is becoming not only a tool, but also the essence of human organ projection, aimed at enhancing anthropic capabilities, focused on the strategy of material morphogenesis combination in the dynamic quintet of NВICS. For the modern transformation of philosophy, it expresses a focus on a complex of productive potentials in the totality of knowledge and ideas: nanotechnologies, biotechnologies, information, cognitive and social technologies. The goal of the social life history is the completeness of human progress, the purpose of which is realized in the mode of interaction as “making for another”, as the reality of the “created product”. This idea outlines a paradigm of self-exaltation that justifies the elevation of the human. Modern philosophy becomes the philosophy of instrumental pragmatics. It expresses the convergence of science and technology, within which man actually begins to compete with God in the creation of the world. The author bases his “model of anthropism” on the moral necessity of self-determination, as a vector current of humanitarian self-organization. The disclosure of the reality creation laws is connected with the development of a general mega-doctrine that solves the problem of reality creation on the basis of accepting the uniformity of the manifold, diachronically and synchronously related situation in the non-organic - organic and super-organic, a rationally justified symbolic creatology should serve this purpose.


  • • substantialism
  • • theism
  • • ontology
  • • praxeology
  • • ideology
  • • essentialism (objective ontology)
  • • existentialism (subjective ontology)
  • • will to create
  • • instrumental mind


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