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Expressive syntax in children’s literature (on the material of the English language)

Liberal Arts in Russia. 2020. Vol. 9. No. 5. Pp. 315-321.
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Korableva E. A.
Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University
125 Lenin Avenue, 300026 Tula, Russia
Email: eakorableva@mail.ru
Davydova M. M.
Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University
125 Lenin Avenue, 300026 Tula, Russia

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of the role of expressive syntax in children’s fiction (based on the material of the English language). Various expressive syntactic means, which were used in the book “The Borrowers Afloat” by Mary Norton, are analyzed. Special attention is paid to the role, functions, and frequency of parentheses, elliptical constructions, inversions, syntactic repetitions, parcelling constructions, nominative sentences, and rhetorical questions. The expressive potential of punctuation marks used in the book is indicated. The results of the study are the following: expressive syntactic devices are widely used in children’s fiction and play a very important role in it. They contribute to the creation of an emotional text, help the author to draw attention to certain information, imitate colloquial speech. Parentheses are the most common expressive means in the analyzed material. They are used to clarify information, draw attention to some ideas, express someone’s attitude to them. Elliptical constructions are very important in making emotional speech. The use of inversion is also aimed at drawing the reader’s attention to certain information. Syntactic repetitions and parcelling constructions are used to emphasize important points. Nominative sentences are not used very often, but they add emotions, especially when they are used with an exclamation mark. Other punctuation marks (dashes, ellipses, colons, semicolons, quotes) also can be used to enhance expressiveness. Different expressive syntactic means are often used together within the same sentence.

Keywords

  • • expressive syntax
  • • expressive syntactic devices
  • • children’s fiction
  • • the English language

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