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Cognitive strategies in scientific discourse (on the example of medical articles)

Liberal Arts in Russia. 2020. Vol. 9. No. 1. Pp. 70-76.
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Linnik L. A.
Bashkir State Medical University
3 Lenin Street, 450008 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia


The article discusses the cognitive strategies of scientific discourse. At the same time, the author understands scientific discourse as a special type of status-oriented institutional discourse, which is characterized by features such as symmetrical communication (information is exchanged by agents equal in status and knowledge), hidden addressee (the reader is presented implicitly), reduced presence of subjectivity as a reflection of desire to present the objectivity of scientific thought, the decrease in expressivity, and most importantly (from the point of view of choosing a cognitive strategy) - the priority of the task of “searching for truth” over the whole other communicative and cognitive tasks of scientific discourse. Medical discourse is included in the scientific as its special sub-discourse, the participants of which are representatives of the medical community and patients, who, in turn, belong to different social and professional groups; these are people of different sex, age, national and religious affiliation, etc. As a result, medical discourse may include elements of domestic and business discourses and be both symmetrical and complementary. The article deals with cognitive strategies typical for scientific discourse (on the example of scientific medical articles), as well as some ways of their implementation. It is revealed that the observed strategies on the frequency of occurrence and implementation can be divided into priority, central (informing, generalization), intermediate (comparison, objectification, persuasion), and peripheral (accentualization, modeling of the subject).


  • • scientific discourse
  • • medical discourse
  • • cognitive strategies
  • • communicative goals


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