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Political discourse of parliamentary debates: pragmalinguistic aspect

Liberal Arts in Russia. 2020. Vol. 9. No. 1. Pp. 42-60.
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Chikileva L. S.
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation
49 Leningradsky Avenue, 125993 Moscow, Russia
Email: lchikileva@fa.ru
Sergeeva A. G.
MGIMO University, Odintsovo branch
3 Novo-Sportivnaya Street, 143005 Odintsovo, Russia

Abstract

The article is devoted to the parliamentary discourse and its pragmalinguistic peculiarities. The choice of the subject matter for the analysis is determined by the interest of linguists to political communication. The authors analyze various approaches to discourse study, existing in this country and abroad. Special attention is given to the speech behavior of the participants in parliamentary debates when discussing political issues related to the exit of Great Britain from the European Union. Much attention is paid to pragmalinguistic meaning of language units as components of the parliamentary discourse. It is noted that there is a tendency in the British parliamentary discourse to use a strategy of downgrading or discrediting, which is aimed at denouncing opponents and positioning them in a negative way. The most commonly used tactic in this strategy is the accusation tactic. As a part of the promotion strategy, the most commonly used tactic is self-presentation, using which political leaders present their party and themselves in the most favorable way. The authors of the article come to the conclusion that during the parliamentary debate on Brexit, the conflict does not develop in favor of harmonization. There is no doubt that linguistic means are an important resource, therefore the success of political communication and of parliamentary debates in particular depends on their effective use. The use of speech strategies and tactics affects the pragmatic potential of parliamentary discourse and determines the choice of lexical, grammatical, and stylistic means. The analysis of the parliamentary discourse revealed the most typical use of discursive strategies and tactics, stylistic devices such as repetition, parallel syntactic constructions, and rhetorical questions; the use of words either with positive or negative connotations, the use of personal pronouns uniting the speaker with the audience to achieve the effect of the listeners’ involvement in what is happening. Further study of pragmatic markers, strategies, and tactics used in the discourse of parliamentary debates as well as in other types of discourse will be useful both in theoretical and practical terms, as it will contribute to harmonizing of the communication process and increasing its effectiveness.

Keywords

  • • discourse
  • • political discourse
  • • parliamentary discourse
  • • political communication
  • • communicative culture
  • • pragmalinguistic features
  • • strategies and tactics

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