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Regularities in the development of scientific knowledge

Liberal Arts in Russia. 2018. Vol. 7. No. 4. Pp. 245-259.
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Sultanova L. B.
Bashkir State University
32 Zaki Validi Street, 450076 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia
Email: slinera@inbox.ru

Abstract

The author of the article studied the regularities of the historical development of scientific knowledge, taking into account the socio-cultural context. According to the author, most of these regularities are already well-known and described in the scientific and philosophical literature features of the historical development of science. These features are the following: the principle of continuity, scientific revolutions, differentiation and integration in the development of private sciences, mathematization and computerization of scientific knowledge, necessity for rational criticism in science and overcoming of errors. In addition, the list includes such features of the historical development of scientific knowledge as convention and the phenomenon of implicit knowledge in science, which are also disclosed and justified in this article. The author of the article did not just describe these above-mentioned major regularities of the development of science in detail, but also emphasized their interrelations, considered the existing contradictions (the principle of continuity and scientific revolutions) and justified them as a whole in a complex-synergistic manner. As a result, science was represented in the study as an integral form of knowledge within the framework of the historical civilization process.

Keywords

  • • incommensurability
  • • fallibilism
  • • dialectical methodology
  • • problem of implicit knowledge in science
  • • backgrounds
  • • intersubjectivity of scientific knowledge
  • • private sciences
  • • formation of natural science
  • • mixing of sciences
  • • interdisciplinary research
  • • “inconceivable efficiency” of mathematics in physics
  • • axiomatization
  • • formalization
  • • modeling
  • • restructuring of the worldview
  • • beauty and simplicity of scientific theories
  • • unacceptability of dogmatism in science
  • • rational discussion

References

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