Liberal Arts in Russia EN-rus logo
russian flagRussian
ISSN 2305-8420 (Print)
ISSN 2312-6442 (Online)
Current Issue

Syncretic meaning of adjectives in Evenki and English languages

Liberal Arts in Russia. 2018. Vol. 7. No. 2. Pp. 146-153.
Get the full text (Russian)
Prosyannikova O. I.
Pushkin Leningrad State University
10 Petersburg Highway, 196605 Saint Petersburg, Russia


The author of the article considers the matter of semantic relationship of syncretic forms of the noun/adjective type. The primary syncretic word of archaic language did not represent a separate grammatical category. The leading role was assigned to the semantics of the word, in which the name of the object and its characteristics by some quality or property were reflected. Syncretic forms of modern language typologically correspond to syncretic forms of archaic language but possess inherent adjectival features that arose in the course of language development. The sequence of changes can be divided into three stages. Analysis of the semantics of modern syncretic forms allows drawing conclusions about the sequence of grammatical categories differentiation and the preservation of syncretic meaning in modern syncretic forms.


  • • syncretic forms
  • • syncretism
  • • semantics
  • • syncretic word
  • • inner semantic structure


  1. Avrorin V. A. Grammatika nanaiskogo yazyka. Vol. 1. Morfologiya imennykh chastei rechi [Grammar of the Nanai language. Vol. 1. Morphology of nominal parts of speech]. Moscow: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1959.
  2. Vasilevich G. M. Ocherk grammatiki evenkiiskogo (tungusskogo) yazyka: Posobie dlya prepod. evenk. (tung.) yaz. [Essay on the grammar of the Evenki (Tungus) language: Textbook for teachers of the Evenki (Tungus) language]. Leningrad: Uchpedgiz, 1940.
  3. Zhirmunskii V. M. Izv. AN SSSR. 1946. Vol. 5. No. 3. Pp. 183-203.
  4. Katsnel'son S. D. Izvestiya AN SSSR. 1947. Vol. 6. No. 4. Pp. 301.
  5. Novikova K. A. Ocherki dialektov evenskogo yazyka: Ol'skii govor [Essays on the dialects of the Evenki language: Ola dialect]. Leningrad: Nauka, 1980.
  6. Peshkovskii A. M. Russkii sintaksis v nauchnom osveshchenii [Russian syntax in scientific light]. Moscow, 1956. Pp. 134-135.
  7. Prosyannikova O. I. Sinkreticheskie formy tipa sushchestvitel'noe/glagol v angliiskom yazyke: dis. ... d-ra filol. nauk. Saint Petersburg, 2013.
  8. Charekov S. L. K proiskhozhdeniyu yazyka [On the origin of language]. Saint Petersburg, 2011.
  9. Charekov S. L. Evolyutsionnaya morfologiya. Ch. I. Funktsional'no-semanticheskaya evolyutsiya suffiksov v altaiskikh yazykakh [Evolutionary morphology. Part 1. Functional-semantic evolution of suffixes in Altai languages]. Saint Petersburg: Nauka, 1999.
  10. Prosyannikova O. Hradec Kralove Journal of Anglophone Studies. 2016. Vol. 3. No. 1. Rp. 132-138.