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Formation of the political tradition in Slovakia at the end of the 20th century

Liberal Arts in Russia. 2016. Vol. 5. No. 1. Pp. 66-77.
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Marmazova O. I.
Donetsk National University of Economics and Trade named after M. Tugan-Baranovsky
31 Shors St., 83050 Donetsk
Marmazova T. R.
Donetsk National University
24 Universitetskaya St., 83001 Donetsk


The process of Slovak political tradition formation during the establishment of an independent state is discussed in the article. Special attention is paid to the authoritarian tendencies, which developed after the breakup of Czechoslovakia, atypical for Central and Eastern Europe character of political transformation and the establishment of the entire state power system are analyzed. A brief historical background of the evolution of “the Slovak question” and its influence on the development of the state is given. Authors highlight features of the social structure of Slovakia, emphasizing the special mentality, greatly influenced on the formation of the political system of the state in historical perspective. It is also noted, that formation of political tradition in Slovakia at the end of the twentieth century was marked by constant struggle between coalition and the opposition, which led to increased political instability in 1995-1997, which contributed to the emergence of the political tendencies, called “Slovak way of transformation”. This had an impact on the integration processes in the state, which in 1994 declared its desire to join the European Union. The authors conclude that as long as the disparate political forces were unable to find a compromise and to determine priority in order to improve life of society rather than their personal ambitions, the Slovak political life was in a state of stagnation.


  • • Slovak question
  • • velvet revolution
  • • consolidated democracy
  • • authoritarianism
  • • political regime
  • • peripheral model of modernization
  • • national identity
  • • Vladimir Meciar
  • • Czechoslovakia


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