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On specific character of Austrian national code in literature and music: origins of game-like nature

Liberal Arts in Russia. 2016. Vol. 5. No. 1. Pp. 36-43.
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Tsvetkov Yu. L.
Ivanovo State University
39 Ermak St., 153025 Ivanovo, Russia


In the article the mutual influence of folk theatre, Austrian Singspiel and Viennese opera in the genres of comic opera, operetta and drama performances involving music, singing and dancing is studied. The powerful influence of Italian and French opera schools, as well as the Italian Commedia Dell'arte led to the flourishing of music and theatre art in Austria: opera buffa (A. Salieri, Ch. W. Glück, J. Haydn, W. A. Mozart), fairy-tale comedies of F. Raimund and satirical dramas of Nestroy. Their game-like nature finds its expression in musical turns, satirical songs and duets. Viennese dance operetta has absorbed the traditions of Viennese popular comedy and comic opera. Recitative, vocal music and folk dances were the key elements of operettas (J. Strauss junior, F. von Suppe, K. Millöcker, K. Zeller, F. Lehar). The music and the game in Austria are the results of theatralization of life: the life turns into something like art. Austrian culture, which is addressed directly to the human being and short of complex philosophical musings and speculative schemes, has genetically built-in playful, musical and theatrical basis, as well as German. Strongly-pronounced playful and musical source as an important national component of the culture, its code, determine its highly fictitious character (staginess) and integrity (both genre and intermediately), thereby maintain its special status in the European culture.


  • • synthesis of arts
  • • game
  • • Singspiel
  • • opera buffa
  • • comic opera
  • • fairy-tale comedy
  • • satirical drama with singing
  • • operetta
  • • game within a game
  • • mask-like character


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