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Setting of Russian Sonorant Consonants [L–L'] Pronunciation in a Bulgarian Audience

Liberal Arts in Russia. 2013. Vol. 2. No. 4. Pp. 349-354.
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Peneva N. D.
St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Turnovo
2 T. Turnovski Street, 5003, Veliko Turnovo, Republic of Bulgaria


The aim of the article is to compare articulation-acoustic nature of Russian and Bulgarian sounds [l], [l'], to reveal typical difficulties faced by students producing these sounds, and development of some methods of neutralizing accent in Russian speach of Bulgarians. Special attention is paid to the description of articulation peculiarities of sonorant [l], [l'] in Russian and Bulgarian languages, identified both common and specific characteristics of these sounds. In the target audience represented by the Russists-students a listening was held to analyse their perception of hard [l] in identical Russian-Bulgarian lexical parallels, which showed the following results: for almost 68% of the target audience Bulgarian hard [l] sounds softer than Russian, for 22% of students they are identical in acoustic effect, and about 10% of the students could not answer the question. The analysis has revealed the difficulties that may be encountered by Bulgarians in a process of setting/correcting pronouncation of Russian consonants. They are connected primarily with differences of articulation of hard and soft consonants [l], [l'] in compared languages and phonologically undifferentiated Russian sonants [l], [l']. These mistakes are related to the pronunciation mistakes of the mixed type. The author supposes that to remove accent in Russian speech pronouncing fluent consonants [l], [l'], it is necessary to inform students about articulation peculiarities of these sounds in both languages, to make comments about possible deviations of these sounds prononciation, to draw attention to reasons of this deviations. As visual and audial measures of education, articulation schemes, tables and figures in special albums or books should be used as well as audio records of normative Russian speech. In the final the conclusion is made that listening of newscasters' speech, repeating of the examples, recording of own speech with analysis of made mistakes, listening for large amount of voiced and speech-training exercises, dealing with creative excercises for communication would help Bulgarians to minimize the accent in the prononciation of sonorant [l], [l'] in Russian speech.


  • • Bulgarian language
  • • Russian language
  • • sonorant consonants
  • • articulation
  • • accent
  • • pronouncation norm


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