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ISSN 2312-6442 (Online)
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Inner Motive and the Lexical Meaning of the Word (Based on Bulgarian and German)

Liberal Arts in Russia. 2013. Vol. 2. No. 4. Pp. 332-341.
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Pelihvanova P. S.
St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Turnovo
2 T. Turnovski Street, 5003, Veliko Turnovo, Republic of Bulgaria
Burova L. S.
Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski
15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd., 1504 Sofia, Republic of Bulgaria


The article discusses the specifics of the inner motive (the inner form) of words, which supposes a connection between a name of the object as a whole and a name of one of its attributes, a motivating. Inner motive is a basis for the meaning and recognized by the speaker as a source for nomination. Its recognition by a speaker is extremely important, that is why inner motine can carry out its functions in the linguistic consciousness and speech. That is why inner motive is a part of the word. Familiar motive is transparent and actual to the speaker. Otherwise it loses its clarity and transparency, therefore, its informativeness. Inner motive is a cognitive structure, because its choice at the moment of nomination embeds in the word information about one of the attributes of the object and about a whole vision of the object by the native speakers. Value of the inner motive as part of the word content is especially great dealing with onomatopoeic words. Morphologically motivated (derived) words reveal the relation between the subject and the name indirectly through the name of the object attribute, that exists in language as a mediator. In case of semantic motivation only one attribute of nominated entity is accented. In this work the authors examine the words with a clear inner form which, however, does not allow native speakers realize the reasons of motivation, which produces a known uncertainty and hence – mixing and competition of names. The richest material is given here by the comparison of names of same plants in the literary language and in a certain dialect, as well as in two different dialects or languages. Although the inner motive reveals attribute that lies in a basis of nomination in many cases it represent a trait that characterizes various objects, as well as different visions. This gives a situation that attribute of the object motivated the name of the object is clear for speaker, but the nature of connection with the object or reason for nomination is unclear. The authors support the theses with the help of Bulgarian and German languages material.


  • • meaning
  • • motivation
  • • onomatopoeic words
  • • derived words
  • • figurative meaning
  • • Bulgarian
  • • German


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